The most common causes of vaginal dryness

Most women have experienced a certain discomfort at some point in the vagina and labia. However, many of them do not know which are the most common causes of vaginal dryness.

When the level of estrogen decreases, the symptoms are worsened as a result of dryness in the intimate area. In medical terms, this problem is called vaginal atrophy and causes inflammation in this area. Even if it does not seem to be a serious problem, vaginal dryness can affect your daily activities, sexual life and, implicitly, your relationship with your partner.

But what are its causes?

Vaginal dryness occurs when a decrease in the level of fluid in the vagina occurs. This part of the body is not lubricated enough, causing pain and fatigue. During sex, you may experience symptoms such as itching, sensitivity, irritation and inflammation.

The most common causes of vaginal dryness can be natural, physiological and psychological.

Here’s what they are!

Generally, the most common causes of vaginal dryness are natural. A low estrogen level The flow of vaginal secretions changes during the menstrual cycle, both in terms of quantity and consistency.

Natural causes

Generally, the most common causes of vaginal dryness are natural.

A low estrogen level The flow of vaginal secretions changes during the menstrual cycle, both in terms of quantity and consistency.Estrogen is produced when the egg reaches maturity. Even when it is not fertilized, the vagina lubricates, but the amount of fluid decreases in menstruation.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

When a woman is pregnant or breastfeeding, there is a hormonal imbalance that changes the level of estrogen produced in the body. This is especially true for breastfeeding when the woman’s body secretes prolactin. This hormone helps to produce milk, but lowers estrogen levels. When you start to have menstruation again, hormonal levels adjust and the vagina lubricates naturally as usual.


With aging, the number of eggs produced in the body decreases. This also leads to a reduction in estrogen levels.

The vaginal walls weaken and lose their elasticity, which leads to pH changes. Glands often contract, causing less lubrication. In the above situation, many women experience a feeling of weight, pressure in the vagina area, itching or nausea.

 Inflammation of vaginal tissues

In many situations, vaginal dryness is a symptom of an infection. Certain products, medicines, illnesses and personal hygiene habits may increase the risk: The intrauterine device may cause inflammation in the vaginal walls. The diaphragm is usually too large and can cause vaginitis. Spermicides or latex may cause vaginal irritation. Vaginal infections, such as candidiasis and vaginitis, cause irritation and vaginal dryness.


Among the drugs that cause vaginal dryness are: Contraceptives or medications for the ovaries; Treatments for gastrointestinal disorders; antidepressants; Antihistamines for allergies or colds.


People suffering from diabetes generally have dry skin as a result of blood glucose deficiency. In their case, there is almost no reaction to sexual stimuli. In addition, the blood vessels break down and prevent the secretion of a normal amount of vaginal fluid.

 Inappropriate hygiene

Proper intimate hygiene does not imply abuse of cleaning products. In some cases, vaginal dryness is caused by the excessive use of soaps, lotions, gels and vaginal deodorants.

Causes of vaginal dryness of psychological nature


When you are confronted with a stressful situation, it increases blood levels of cortisol. This also causes irregularities in the secretion of sex hormones. Therefore, vaginal hydration is impaired.


Some women have some emotional problems with sexual intercourse. Their fear or disinterest transmits a signal to the nervous system that prevents sexual stimulation. Therefore, there is no vaginal lubrication. recommendations

For washing the vaginal area, it is enough to use water and soap with neutral pH.

There are various lubricants for internal and external use that are available without a prescription and can be of great help to you.Limits alcohol consumption and stops smoking.Drink at least two liters of water a day.

Soy-based foods contain inzoflavones, which have similar effects to estrogen.

Even if there are many options to combat vaginal dryness, it is important to go to the gynecologist to find out which is the best treatment for you.

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